The American Association of Political Consultants (AAPC) is the trade group for the political consulting profession in the United States. Founded in 1969, it is the world’s largest organization of political consultants, public affairs professionals and communications specialists. Its “multipartisan” membership consists of political consultants, pollsters, media consultants, campaign managers, corporate public affairs officers, professors, lobbyists, fundraisers, congressional staffers, and vendors.
The American Association of Political Consultants maintains a Code of Professional Ethics for members. Applicants for AAPC membership are required to sign the code, and to live by the standards it sets, as a condition of membership in the organization.
The American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR), founded in 1947, is an organization of approximately 1900 survey research professionals from academia, non-profit organizations, polling firms, and government. The membership’s professional qualifications are diverse, including research methodologists, statisticians, political scientists, sociologists, public health researchers, and other social scientists. The AAPOR publishes an academic journal called Public Opinion Quarterly. It holds an annual research conference and maintains a code of ethics and professional standards for survey research.
AAPOR maintains a “Code of Professional Ethics and Practices,” which members and other research organizations may follow.
The Marketing Research Association (MRA) is a 501(c)(6) non-profit, membership trade association, incorporated in New York state. Members are companies that specialize in, or have departments that specialize in, market research, consumer opinion and related marketing intelligence. Individuals who are marketing research practitioners may also become members.
Located in Washington D.C. the Marketing Research Association was founded in 1957. The MRA’s chief product is membership. It is also active in advocating industry positions on legislative and regulatory issues.
The American Statistical Association (ASA) is the main professional organization for statisticians and related professionals in the United States. It was founded in Boston, Massachusetts on November 27, 1839, and is the second oldest continuously operating professional society in the US (only the Massachusetts Medical Society, founded in 1781, is older). The ASA services statisticians, quantitative scientists, and users of statistics across many academic areas and applications.
Electoral-Vote.com (formally, Electoral Vote Predictor) is a website of computer scientist Andrew S. Tanenbaum. The site’s primary content is poll analysis to project the outcome of U.S. elections. The site also includes commentary on related news stories.
Well known for its color-coded electoral map of the United States, the site was created during the lead-up to the 2004 U.S. Presidential election to predict the winner. The site tries to improve on national polls usually reported in the media by predicting which way each state’s electoral vote will go based on statewide polls. U.S. presidents are in fact elected by separate popular elections in each state, rather than direct popular vote of the entire country. The winner of each election receives the state’s electoral votes equal to its members of Congress (see Electoral College for details). EV.com’s method thus simulates the actual process. Updated throughout the campaign, visitors can see who is “ahead” at any time.
FiveThirtyEight is a polling aggregation website with a blog created by analyst Nate Silver. Sometimes referred to as 538, the website takes its name from the number of electors in the United States electoral college. Established on March 7, 2008, as FiveThirtyEight.com, in August 2010 the blog became a licensed feature of The New York Times online. It was renamed FiveThirtyEight: Nate Silver’s Political Calculus. In July 2013, ESPN announced that it would become the owner of the FiveThirtyEight brand and site, and Silver was appointed as editor-in-chief. The ESPN-owned FiveThirtyEight began publication on March 17, 2014.
HuffPost Pollster tracks thousands of public polls to give you the latest data on elections, political opinions and more.
The Council of American Survey Research Organizations’ 325+member companies and their 32,000 employees, all of whom are afforded membership benefits, represent nearly $8 billion in global annual revenue—about 85% of the U.S. research industry and 30% of the global research industry. CASRO’s member companies annually reaffirm their adherence to the CASRO Code of Standards and Ethics for Survey Research, an internationally-respected code of business and professional standards for more than 30 years.
CASRO is an advocate of the survey research industry throughout the US and the world. Founded in 1975, CASRO represents the viewpoints and agenda of companies engaged in all forms of market research, business intelligence, and survey research—public opinion, social, market, government and political.
RealClearPolitics (RCP) is a Chicago-based political news and polling data aggregator formed in 2000 by former options trader John McIntyre and former advertising agency account executive Tom Bevan. The site’s founders say their goal is to give readers “ideological diversity,” though the progressive media watchdog group Media Matters for America and others describe the site as being right wing.
Forbes Media LLC bought a 51% equity interest in the site in 2007. RCP has expanded to include a number of sister sites. Politico Executive Editor Jim VandeHei has called the site “an essential stop for anyone interested in politics”.
Nginx (pronounced “engine x”) is a web server with a strong focus on high concurrency, performance and low memory usage. It can also act as a reverse proxy server for HTTP, HTTPS, SMTP, POP3, and IMAP protocols, as well as a load balancer and an HTTP cache.
Created by Igor Sysoev in 2002, Nginx runs on Unix, Linux, BSD variants, Mac OS X, Solaris, AIX, HP-UX, and Microsoft Windows. Released under the terms of a BSD-like license, Nginx is free and open source software.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, online services, and personal computers. Its best-known hardware products are the Mac line of computers, the iPod media player, the iPhone smartphone, and the iPad tablet computer. Its online services include iCloud, iTunes Store, and App Store. Apple’s consumer software includes the OS X and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media browser, the Safari web browser, and the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites.
SPSS Statistics is a software package used for statistical analysis. Long produced by SPSS Inc., it was acquired by IBM in 2009. The current versions (2014) are officially named IBM SPSS Statistics. Companion products in the same family are used for survey authoring and deployment (IBM SPSS Data Collection), data mining (IBM SPSS Modeler), text analytics, and collaboration and deployment (batch and automated scoring services).
The software name stands for Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), reflecting the original market, although the software is now popular in other fields as well, including the health sciences and marketing.
Both jQuery and jQuery UI are free and open-source software distributed by the jQuery Foundation under the MIT License; jQuery UI was first published in September 2007
Linux is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on 5 October 1991 by Linus Torvalds.
Linux was originally developed as a free operating system for Intel x86-based personal computers. It has since been ported to more computer hardware platforms than any other operating system. It is a leading operating system on servers and other big iron systems such as mainframe computers and supercomputers. As of November 2014, 97% of the world’s 500 fastest supercomputers run some variant of Linux, including the top 80.
Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, that develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers and services. Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, Microsoft Office office suite, and Internet Explorer web browser. Its flagship hardware products are Xbox game console and the Microsoft Surface series of tablets. It is the world’s largest software maker measured by revenues. It is also one of the world’s most valuable companies.
MariaDB is a community-developed fork of the MySQL relational database management system intended to remain free under the GNU GPL. Being a fork of a leading open source software system, it is notable for being led by the original developers of MySQL, who forked it due to concerns over its acquisition by Oracle.
Prominent organizations using MariaDB include Google, Wikimedia Foundation, Mozilla and Web of Trust.
PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. As of January 2013, PHP was installed on more than 240 million websites (39% of those sampled) and 2.1 million web servers. Originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, the reference implementation of PHP (powered by the Zend Engine) is now produced by The PHP Group. While PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page, it now stands for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor, which is a recursive backronym.
PHP code can be simply mixed with HTML code, or it can be used in combination with various templating engines and web frameworks. PHP code is usually processed by a PHP interpreter, which is usually implemented as a web server’s native module or a Common Gateway Interface (CGI) executable. After the PHP code is interpreted and executed, the web server sends resulting output to its client, usually in form of a part of the generated web page – for example, PHP code can generate a web page’s HTML code, an image, or some other data. PHP has also evolved to include a command-line interface (CLI) capability and can be used in standalone graphical applications.
Voxco is a global provider of survey software solutions that enable companies, market research firms, governments and institutions to make better decisions by providing the necessary tools to collect, process and analyze data from their environments. Voxco web, a simple and powerful online survey software and Voxco Command Center™, the industry-leading multimode data collection platform for all types of surveys (web, phone, face-to-face, mobile and IVR).
WordPress is a free and open source blogging tool and a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL. Features include a plugin architecture and a template system. WordPress was used by more than 23.2% of the top 10 million websites as of August 2013. WordPress is the most popular blogging system in use on the Web, at more than 60 million websites.
WinCross is the marketing research industry’s most advanced crosstabulation software solution. With its easy-to-use interface and flexible reporting options, WinCross allows both experienced analysts and novice users to quickly extract and highlight statistical trends from survey data. WinCross performs lightning-fast data analysis and includes a comprehensive set of significance options.